Ancient Greece, a civilization that flourished between the 8th and 4th centuries BCE, was located in southern Europe. It was a land of great philosophers, artists, poets, and warriors.
But what countries were near ancient Greece? Let’s take a closer look.
Italy: Italy is located to the west of Greece across the Ionian Sea. In ancient times, Italy was known as Magna Graecia or “Greater Greece” due to the presence of many Greek colonies along its southern coast.
Turkey: Turkey lies across the Aegean Sea to the east of Greece. In ancient times, it was known as Anatolia and was home to several powerful empires like the Hittites and Lydians.
Macedonia: Macedonia is located to the north of Greece and was ruled by Alexander the Great who conquered much of the known world in his time.
Albania: Albania is situated to the northwest of Greece across the Adriatic Sea. It has a rich history dating back to ancient times with several archaeological sites still standing today.
Bulgaria: Bulgaria is located to the northeast of Greece and shares a border with it. It was home to several Thracian tribes who had close ties with ancient Greeks.
Cyprus: Cyprus lies in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey and is believed to have been colonized by Greeks as early as 1200 BCE.
The influence of these neighboring countries on Ancient Greece
The neighboring countries played a significant role in shaping Ancient Greek civilization. The Greeks borrowed heavily from other cultures such as Egypt and Mesopotamia but also developed their own unique culture that influenced their neighbors in return.
For example, Greek philosophy had a profound impact on both Western and Eastern thought, while Greek art and literature were highly admired and imitated throughout the Mediterranean world.
In conclusion, ancient Greece was surrounded by several countries that had a significant impact on its history. Each of these countries had their own unique culture, but they also shared many similarities with the Greeks. It was through this exchange of ideas and culture that the ancient world became a rich tapestry of diverse civilizations.