What Crops Grow in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece was a land of fertile soil, where agriculture was the backbone of its economy. The Greeks cultivated a variety of crops, which played a significant role in their daily lives. Let’s take a closer look at some of the crops that grew in Ancient Greece.


Grains were the primary crop grown in Ancient Greece, with wheat being the most popular. The Greeks used wheat to make bread and other baked goods. They also grew barley, which was used to make beer.

Olive Trees

Olive trees were another essential crop in Ancient Greece. Olive oil was highly valued and used for cooking, lighting lamps, and even as a cosmetic product. The Greeks believed that olive oil had healing properties and used it to treat various ailments.


Grapes were grown mainly for winemaking purposes in Ancient Greece. Wine was an essential part of Greek culture and was consumed during religious ceremonies and social gatherings.


The Greeks grew various fruits such as figs, pomegranates, apples, and pears. They also cultivated citrus fruits like lemons and oranges.


The Greeks also grew vegetables such as beans, lentils, chickpeas, onions, garlic, and cucumbers. These vegetables were an integral part of Greek cuisine and were used in many dishes.


Honey was an essential sweetener for the ancient Greeks. They kept bees to produce honey which they consumed as a natural sweetener or used it to make desserts.


In conclusion, agriculture played a vital role in Ancient Greek society. The Greeks cultivated a variety of crops that provided them with food, drink, medicine, and cosmetics. Understanding what crops grew in Ancient Greece gives us an insight into their daily lives, beliefs, and customs.