What Crops Were Grown in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, agriculture was a crucial aspect of the economy and daily life. The fertile land and favorable climate allowed for the cultivation of various crops that sustained the population. Here are some of the crops that were commonly grown in ancient Greece:


Wheat was one of the most important crops in ancient Greece. It was used to make bread, which was a staple food for most Greeks. Wheat was typically grown in the plains of Thessaly, Boeotia, and Macedonia.


Barley was another essential crop in ancient Greece. It was used to make porridge, soups, and beer. Barley was a hardy grain that could grow in poor soil conditions and withstand droughts.


Grapes were grown extensively in ancient Greece for wine production. The warm climate and hilly terrain provided ideal growing conditions for grapes. Greek wines were famous for their quality and were exported throughout the Mediterranean world.


Olives were another significant crop in ancient Greece, particularly in the southern region of the Peloponnese. Olive oil was used for cooking, lighting lamps, and as a base for perfumes.


Figs were a popular fruit in ancient Greece due to their sweet flavor and nutritional value. They were typically grown in orchards or wild fig trees found throughout the countryside.


Beekeeping was prevalent in ancient Greece due to its mild climate and abundant flora. Honey was used as a sweetener, medicine, and preservative.

Other Crops

Other crops that were grown in ancient Greece include lentils, chickpeas, onions, garlic, leeks, lettuce, cucumbers, and melons.

  • Lentils and chickpeas: were a source of protein and were used in soups and stews.
  • Onions, garlic, and leeks: were used as seasoning in various dishes.
  • Lettuce, cucumbers, and melons: were grown in gardens and used in salads or eaten as a refreshing snack.

In conclusion, the ancient Greeks cultivated a wide variety of crops that were essential to their diet and way of life. These crops not only provided sustenance but also contributed to the economy through trade and commerce.