What Describes Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is a fascinating period in history that has left a lasting impact on the world. From philosophy to art, architecture to literature, Ancient Greece has contributed immensely to the development of Western civilization. In this article, we will explore what describes Ancient Greece and why it continues to captivate us even today.

The Geography of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was located on the southeastern tip of Europe, encompassing the Balkan Peninsula and numerous islands in the Aegean and Ionian Seas. The rugged terrain and rocky coastline of Greece made it difficult for large-scale agriculture and transportation. However, it also facilitated the emergence of independent city-states, each with their own unique culture and government.

The City-States

The city-states or polis were the fundamental political units of Ancient Greece. Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes are some examples of these independent entities that governed themselves. Each city-state had its own system of government and laws but they shared a common language and culture.

The Arts

Ancient Greek art is renowned for its beauty, realism, and attention to detail. Sculpture was one of their main forms of artistic expression with remarkable works such as “The Discus Thrower” or “Aphrodite”. Greek pottery was also highly valued due to its intricate designs and functionality.

The Philosophy

The Greeks were also pioneers in philosophy, with famous philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle all hailing from Athens. They pondered on questions like “What is the meaning of life?”

or “What is justice?” which led them to develop systems like democracy or ethical theories like Aristotelianism.

The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games originated in Ancient Greece as a festival dedicated to Zeus in Olympia. The games were held every four years as a symbol of peace among the city-states and were attended by athletes from all over Greece.

The Mythology

Ancient Greek mythology was a significant part of their culture, with gods and goddesses like Zeus, Hera, Athena, Apollo, and Aphrodite being worshipped by the people. These myths were used to explain natural phenomena or to teach moral lessons.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece was a remarkable civilization that has had a profound impact on the world. The city-states, arts, philosophy, Olympic Games, and mythology are just a few examples of what makes this period so fascinating. With their legacy still influencing our modern lives in various ways, it is no wonder that Ancient Greece continues to captivate us even today.