What Did Ancient Greece Children Learn?

In ancient Greece, education was highly valued and considered essential for both boys and girls. Education was not just limited to the wealthy families but was also provided to the poor. The purpose of education was to make individuals responsible citizens who could contribute towards the growth of society.

Education for Boys:

Boys received education from the age of seven. They were sent to schools known as ‘grammars’ or ‘didaskaleia’.

The teachers were called ‘grammatistes’. The curriculum included reading, writing, arithmetic, music, poetry, sports, and physical training.

Reading and Writing:

Reading and writing were considered essential skills for boys. They learned to read and write using the Greek alphabet. They used wax tablets or papyrus scrolls for writing.


Boys learned basic arithmetic such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They also learned geometry and how to measure land.


Music played an important role in Greek education. Boys learned to play musical instruments such as the lyre or flute.


Greek poets such as Homer were highly respected in ancient Greece. Boys learned about Greek mythology through epic poems such as the Iliad and Odyssey.

Sports and Physical Training:

Physical training was an important part of Greek education. Boys participated in sports such as wrestling, running, discus throwing, and javelin throwing.

Education for Girls:

Girls received education at home from their mothers or female slaves. Their education focused on domestic skills such as weaving, cooking, cleaning, and childcare.

The Role of Philosophers in Education:

Philosophers played a crucial role in shaping Greek education. Socrates believed that knowledge comes from asking questions rather than memorizing facts.

Plato believed in the importance of educating the whole person, including both the mind and body. Aristotle believed that education should be tailored to the individual needs of each student.


In ancient Greece, education was a fundamental aspect of life. Boys and girls received education based on their gender and social status.

Education focused on developing responsible citizens who could contribute towards the growth of society. Philosophers played a crucial role in shaping Greek education and their ideas continue to influence education today.