What Did Ancient Greece Use for Food?

Ancient Greece was a civilization that flourished from the 8th century BCE to the 6th century CE. The Greeks are known for their contributions to philosophy, art, politics, and more.

However, one aspect of their culture that often gets overlooked is their cuisine. In this article, we will explore what the ancient Greeks used for food.

Grains and Bread

Grains were a staple in the ancient Greek diet. They used grains such as wheat, barley, and oats to make bread.

Bread was a common food item in Greece and was consumed by people of all social classes. The bread was often baked in communal ovens and sold by bakers.


Meat was not as common in ancient Greece as it is today. It was considered a luxury item reserved for special occasions or the wealthy.

Common meats included lamb, goat, pork, and beef. Fish and seafood were also popular due to Greece’s proximity to the Mediterranean Sea.

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables were an important part of the ancient Greek diet. Some of the commonly eaten vegetables included onions, garlic, beans, lentils, peas, and cabbage. Fruits such as apples, figs, grapes, pomegranates, and olives were also consumed.

Dairy Products

Dairy products such as cheese and yogurt were commonly consumed by the ancient Greeks. Cheese was often made from goat or sheep’s milk and was used in many dishes. Yogurt was also popular among the Greeks and was often served with honey.


The ancient Greeks had a sweet tooth just like us! They enjoyed sweets such as honey cakes, sesame seed candy (halva), figs stuffed with nuts or sweetened cheese (sykomaida), and doughnuts (tiganitai).


In conclusion, the ancient Greeks had a varied and nutritious diet that included grains, meat, fruits and vegetables, dairy products, and sweets. Their cuisine has influenced many of the dishes we enjoy today. It’s fascinating to see how food has played an integral role in shaping cultures throughout history.