What Did Bedrooms Look Like in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, the bedroom was considered a sacred space, reserved for rest and rejuvenation. Bedrooms were often located on the upper floors of homes and were smaller in size compared to other rooms. Let’s take a closer look at what bedrooms looked like in ancient Greece.

Bedroom Layouts

The layout of ancient Greek bedrooms was simple and functional. The room typically had one or two small windows that provided natural light and ventilation. The bed was the focal point of the room, placed against one wall with a small table or chest at its foot.

The Bed

The bed was usually made of wood with a woven rope or leather strap foundation to support the mattress. Ancient Greeks did not use pillows, but instead slept with their heads on wooden or ceramic headrests that were shaped like a half-moon. The mattress itself was filled with feathers, wool, or hay for comfort.


Decorative elements in ancient Greek bedrooms were minimalistic. Most often, walls were painted with simple geometric designs or left plain. However, some wealthy households may have had more elaborate decorations such as frescoes depicting mythological scenes.


Other than the bed and small table/chest, there was very little furniture in an ancient Greek bedroom. A few basic items may have included a stool or chair for dressing and undressing as well as a lamp for reading at night.

Bathing Facilities

In ancient Greece, bathing facilities were separate from the bedroom and were located in another part of the home. Baths included hot and cold water options and were often communal spaces where several people could bathe at once.

The Importance of Sleep

Sleep was highly valued in ancient Greece as it was believed to be essential for overall health and well-being. In fact, Hippocrates – the father of modern medicine – believed that sleep was crucial for the body’s natural healing processes.


In conclusion, ancient Greek bedrooms were simple and functional spaces that were designed for rest and relaxation. The bed was the central element of the room, and other decorative elements were kept to a minimum. While bathing facilities were separate from the bedroom, sleep was highly valued as an essential component of overall health and well-being.