What Did Citizens Do in Ancient Greece?

What Did Citizens Do in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece was a civilization known for its rich culture, art, philosophy, and democratic system. In this article, we will explore the various activities that citizens engaged in during this fascinating era.

Political Participation

A significant aspect of ancient Greek society was political involvement. Citizens actively participated in the democratic process by attending assemblies and voting on important matters. These assemblies served as a platform for citizens to voice their opinions and contribute to decision-making.

Jury Duty

One of the key responsibilities of citizens was serving on juries. The legal system in ancient Greece relied heavily on the participation of citizens to administer justice. Citizens would sit as jurors in trials, listening to arguments presented by both sides and delivering a verdict.

Military Service

Citizens were expected to serve in the military when needed. The city-states of ancient Greece often faced external threats, so it was crucial for citizens to be prepared for battle. Military training was an integral part of a citizen’s education, and they would join the army when called upon.

Cultural Activities

Ancient Greece was renowned for its artistic and intellectual achievements. Citizens actively participated in cultural activities that celebrated their heritage and promoted creativity.


Theater played a significant role in ancient Greek society. Citizens attended theatrical performances that showcased plays written by renowned playwrights such as Sophocles, Euripides, and Aeschylus. These plays explored various themes including Greek mythology, politics, and human nature.

Sporting Events

Sporting events held great importance in ancient Greece as they fostered a sense of unity among citizens. The most famous athletic competition was the Olympic Games, held every four years in Olympia. Citizens would participate in various sporting disciplines, showcasing their physical prowess and representing their city-state.

Education and Philosophy

Ancient Greece was a hub of intellectual activity, with citizens actively engaging in education and philosophical discourse.


Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato are some of the most renowned philosophers to have emerged from ancient Greece. Citizens would gather at philosophical schools or public spaces to engage in debates and discussions about life’s fundamental questions.

Educational Institutions

Citizens valued education, and it was considered a crucial aspect of their upbringing. Boys received formal education that included subjects like reading, writing, arithmetic, music, and physical education. Girls were educated at home by tutors and were taught skills necessary for managing households.


Citizens in ancient Greece led multifaceted lives that involved active political participation, engagement in cultural activities, and pursuit of knowledge. The democratic system allowed citizens to have a say in decision-making processes while also promoting a sense of community. The legacy of ancient Greek civilization continues to inspire us today.