What Did Gold Mean in Ancient Times?

Gold has been valued and coveted since ancient times and continues to be a symbol of wealth and prosperity. Its allure can be traced back to early civilizations, where it was revered for its beauty, rarity, and durability. In this article, we will explore the significance of gold in ancient times.

Gold in Ancient Egypt

One of the earliest civilizations that held gold in high esteem was Ancient Egypt. The Egyptians believed that gold was the flesh of the sun god Ra and therefore considered it to be sacred.

Gold was used in various ways in Ancient Egypt, from jewelry and ornaments to burial masks for pharaohs. It was believed that gold had magical properties that could protect the wearer from harm.

The Golden Age of Greece

In Ancient Greece, gold was associated with the gods and was used extensively in religious ceremonies. It was also used as currency and played an important role in trade. The Greeks were skilled at crafting intricate jewelry designs using gold, which were highly prized by nobility.

The Roman Empire

The Romans inherited their love for gold from the Greeks and Egyptians. They used it to decorate their homes, clothing, and even their food!

Gold leaf was added to food as a sign of wealth and opulence. The Romans also used gold coins as currency, which helped establish their economic power.

The Americas

Gold played a significant role in many ancient South American cultures such as the Aztecs, Incas, and Mayans. These civilizations believed that gold had spiritual power and often created elaborate sculptures depicting their gods using gold.

Religious Significance

Gold is frequently mentioned in religious texts such as the Bible and Quran. In Christianity, it is associated with divinity and is often used to adorn churches or religious artifacts such as crosses or chalices. In Hinduism, gold is believed to represent knowledge, wisdom, and learning.


In conclusion, gold has been a symbol of wealth and power since ancient times. It has been used in various ways by different cultures, from currency to religious artifacts.

Its rarity and beauty have made it a highly desirable commodity throughout history. Even today, gold remains an important part of our lives as a symbol of prosperity and luxury.