What Did Horns Represent in Ancient Times?

Horns have been a symbol of power, strength, and fertility since ancient times. They have been revered in various cultures and religions across the world. Let’s take a closer look at what horns represented in ancient times.

Biblical Times

In Christianity, horns are often associated with the Devil. However, in the bible, horns represent strength and power. The Hebrew word “keren” means both “horn” and “ray of light.”

This duality represents the power and glory of God. In the book of Exodus, Moses is described as having horns on his head after encountering God on Mount Sinai. This depiction is not meant to be taken literally but rather represents the radiance of God’s glory that Moses witnessed.

Ancient Egypt

In Ancient Egypt, horns were associated with fertility and regenerative powers. The goddess Hathor was often depicted with cow horns to symbolize her nurturing and maternal qualities. The pharaohs also wore a headdress called the “atef crown,” which featured two ostrich feathers and bull horns to represent their divine power.

Greek Mythology

In Greek mythology, horns were associated with various gods and goddesses. Zeus, the king of gods, was often depicted wearing goat or ram horns to represent his virility and strength. Pan, the god of nature and fertility, was also portrayed with goat horns as a symbol of his wildness.

Celtic Culture

In Celtic culture, antlers were used as a symbol of masculinity, strength, and fertility. The Celtic god Cernunnos was often depicted with antlers on his head to represent his connection to nature and wildness.


Throughout history, horns have been used as a symbol of power, strength, fertility, wildness, and divinity. They have been associated with various gods and goddesses, and their depictions have varied across cultures and religions. Whether you view horns as a positive or negative symbol, they are undoubtedly an integral part of human history and mythology.