What Did Horses Represent in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, horses were more than just animals that were used for transportation or agriculture. They had a significant role in Greek mythology, religion, art, and even warfare.

Horses represented power, strength, beauty, and freedom. Let’s dive deeper into what horses represented in ancient Greece.

The Role of Horses in Greek Mythology

Greek mythology is filled with stories and legends that feature horses. One of the most famous is the story of Pegasus, the winged horse who was born from the blood of Medusa after she was killed by Perseus. Pegasus became the symbol of poets and artists and was often depicted as a white horse with wings.

Another story features the Trojan Horse, a giant wooden horse used by the Greeks to infiltrate Troy during the Trojan War. The Trojan Horse has become a symbol of deception and trickery.

The Role of Horses in Greek Religion

Horses were also an important part of Greek religion. They were associated with several gods and goddesses such as Poseidon, Apollo, Demeter, and Hera.

Poseidon was often depicted riding a chariot pulled by horses or emerging from the sea on horseback. He was considered the god of horses and earthquakes.

Apollo was also associated with horses as he was believed to have driven the sun across the sky in a chariot pulled by four horses.

Demeter was known as the goddess of agriculture and fertility. She was often depicted holding a sheaf of wheat while riding on a chariot pulled by two or four horses.

Hera, the queen of gods, was also associated with horses as they were believed to be her sacred animal.

The Role of Horses in Greek Art

Horses were popular subjects in Greek art. They were often depicted on pottery, sculptures, mosaics, and frescoes. These artworks showcase how important horses were in Greek culture.

One of the most famous examples of Greek horse art is the Parthenon Frieze, which depicts a procession of horses and riders. The frieze was part of the Parthenon in Athens and is now displayed in the British Museum in London.

The Role of Horses in Greek Warfare

Horses played a crucial role in ancient Greek warfare. They were used by soldiers to travel long distances quickly and to charge into battle. Cavalry units were an essential part of many battles, and they often determined the outcome of the war.

The Greeks also believed that horses could inspire bravery and courage in their soldiers. They would often decorate their horses with elaborate armor and decorations to show off their power and wealth.


In conclusion, horses played a vital role in ancient Greek culture. They were more than just animals; they represented power, beauty, freedom, and inspiration. From mythology to religion, art to warfare, horses were an integral part of Greek society that has left an enduring legacy on Western civilization today.