What Did India Invent in Ancient Times?

India has a rich history of innovation and invention dating back to ancient times. From mathematical concepts to medical practices, India has contributed immensely to the world’s knowledge base. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most fascinating inventions from ancient India.

Ayurveda – India’s Gift to Medicine

Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine that originated in India over 5000 years ago. It is based on the principles of balance and harmony between mind, body, and spirit. Ayurvedic texts were written in Sanskrit and contain detailed information about various herbs, minerals, and other natural substances used for healing.

Did You Know? Ayurveda was one of the first systems of medicine to recognize the importance of mental health in overall well-being.

The Decimal System

The decimal system is one of the most significant contributions from ancient India to the world. The concept of zero was first developed in India by mathematicians who were trying to find a way to represent nothingness. This led to the development of a place-value system which forms the basis for modern mathematics.

Fun Fact: The word ‘zero’ comes from the Sanskrit word ‘shunya’ which means ‘nothing.’

The Game of Chess

Chess is a game that originated in India around 1500 years ago. It was originally called ‘Chaturanga’ and was played with four players and pieces representing different parts of an army. The game evolved over time and eventually became the two-player game we know today.

Note: The game was introduced to Europe through trade routes and became popular during the Middle Ages.

The Art of Yoga

Yoga is a practice that originated in ancient India over 5000 years ago. It is a holistic approach to physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Yoga involves a series of postures, breathing exercises, and meditation techniques that help individuals achieve balance and harmony in their lives.

Did You Know?

The word ‘yoga’ comes from the Sanskrit word ‘yuj’ which means to unite or join.

The Game of Snakes and Ladders

Snakes and Ladders is a popular board game that was invented in ancient India. The game was originally called ‘Moksha Patam’ and was used to teach children about the ups and downs of life. The game was later introduced to England in the 19th century and became popular as ‘Snakes and Ladders.’

  • Fun Fact:
  • The game has religious significance as it represents the journey of life with snakes representing vices and ladders representing virtues.

The Iron Pillar of Delhi

The Iron Pillar of Delhi is a remarkable piece of engineering from ancient India. It is a 7-meter high pillar made entirely of iron and weighs over six tons. What makes this pillar so remarkable is that it has been standing for over 1600 years without rusting or corroding.


Scientists believe that the pillar’s resistance to corrosion is due to a protective layer of iron oxide that formed over time.

In conclusion, India’s ancient inventions have made significant contributions to various fields such as medicine, mathematics, games, and engineering. These inventions are a testament to the creativity, innovation, and ingenuity of ancient Indian civilization.