What Did Jesus Do Between His Death and Resurrection?

The death and resurrection of Jesus Christ are two of the most significant events in Christian theology. However, what happened to Jesus between his death and resurrection remains a topic of debate and speculation. In this article, we will explore the different views and theories surrounding this topic.

The Biblical Account

The Bible does not provide a clear answer as to what happened to Jesus between his death and resurrection. However, there are a few passages that offer some insight into this mystery.

In 1 Peter 3:18-19, it says “For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit. After being made alive, he went and made proclamation to the imprisoned spirits.”

This passage has been interpreted in various ways throughout history. Some believe that it refers to Jesus descending into hell or Hades after his death. Others believe that it refers to Jesus preaching to those who died before his time on earth.

The Descent into Hell

The idea of Jesus descending into hell is known as the Harrowing of Hell. This belief has been present in Christian theology since the early centuries of Christianity.

According to this theory, after his crucifixion, Jesus descended into hell to free the souls of the righteous who had died before him. He then ascended back into heaven with them after his resurrection.

This view is supported by several early church fathers such as Augustine and Tertullian, as well as by some creeds and confessions such as the Apostles’ Creed.

Preaching to Spirits

Another interpretation of 1 Peter 3:18-19 is that Jesus preached to those who died before his time on earth. This view is supported by several theologians throughout history such as Martin Luther and John Calvin.

According to this theory, Jesus went to the realm of the dead and preached the gospel to those who had died before his time. This allowed them to hear the good news of salvation and have the opportunity to believe in him.

The Limbo of the Fathers

Another theory that has been proposed is that Jesus went to a place called the Limbo of the Fathers after his death. This theory is based on the idea that before Jesus’ resurrection, no one could enter heaven because sin had not yet been fully atoned for.

According to this view, the Limbo of the Fathers was a place where all the righteous souls who died before Jesus’ sacrifice were waiting for their redemption. Jesus went there after his death and brought them with him into heaven after his resurrection.


In conclusion, while there are different views and theories about what happened to Jesus between his death and resurrection, what is most important is what these events mean for us as Christians. Through his sacrifice on the cross and resurrection from the dead, Jesus has conquered sin and death, offering us eternal life with God. Let us remember this truth and live our lives in light of it.