What Did Men Wear in Ancient Times?

Men’s fashion has undergone a dramatic transformation since ancient times, with varying styles and trends emerging in different cultures throughout history. From the simple loincloths of early man to the elaborate robes and tunics of the Roman Empire, men’s clothing has always been an important aspect of their identity and social status.

Ancient Egypt

In ancient Egypt, men typically wore linen kilts that were tied at the waist with a belt. They often went shirtless or wore a simple linen shirt over their kilt. However, during special occasions, they would wear more elaborate clothing such as a pleated skirt or robe made from expensive materials like silk.

Ancient Greece

The ancient Greeks favored loose-fitting garments that were draped over their bodies. The most common item of clothing was the chiton, which was essentially a rectangular piece of fabric that was wrapped around the body and fastened at the shoulders with pins or brooches. Over this, men would wear a himation, which was a larger rectangular piece of fabric draped over one shoulder and under the other arm.

Roman Empire

During the Roman Empire, men’s fashion became more elaborate and sophisticated. The toga was the most iconic garment worn by Roman men – it was a large semicircular piece of woolen cloth draped over one shoulder and wrapped around the body. However, togas were reserved for formal occasions; everyday wear consisted of tunics that were made from wool or linen.

Medieval Europe

In medieval Europe, men’s clothing varied depending on their social status. Peasants wore simple garments made from rough fabrics like wool or linen, while nobility dressed in more luxurious materials such as silk and velvet. The most common item of clothing for men during this time period was the tunic – it had long sleeves and reached to the knees or ankles.


The Renaissance marked a period of great change and innovation in men’s fashion. Doublets, which were close-fitting jackets worn over a shirt, became popular during this time. Men also began wearing breeches, which were tight-fitting trousers that reached to the knee or mid-calf.


Throughout history, men’s fashion has been shaped by various factors such as culture, social status, and practicality. From the simple loincloths of early man to the elaborate clothing of the Roman Empire and beyond, men’s clothing has always been an important aspect of their identity and self-expression. Today, men have more options than ever when it comes to fashion – from classic suits to casual streetwear, there is something for every style and occasion.