What Did Soldiers Do in Ancient Greece?

Soldiers played a crucial role in Ancient Greece. They were considered as the backbone of the Greek army and were responsible for protecting their city-states from foreign invasions. The life of a soldier was not an easy one, it required discipline, courage, and extensive training.

Training of Soldiers
Training was an essential part of becoming a soldier in Ancient Greece. From a young age, boys were trained in various skills such as wrestling, running, and javelin throwing. They also underwent rigorous physical training to develop strength and agility.

As they grew older, they were taught how to use weapons such as swords, spears, bows, and arrows. The training also included learning tactics such as how to form phalanxes – a formation in which soldiers stood shoulder to shoulder with their shields overlapping each other for better protection.

Ancient Greek Warfare

The warfare in Ancient Greece was characterized by battles between city-states known as “poleis.” These battles often took place on open fields or hillsides. The soldiers fought on foot except for the cavalry who rode horses.

The most famous battle formation used by the Greeks was the phalanx formation. It involved soldiers standing shoulder to shoulder with their shields overlapping each other forming a barrier that was almost impenetrable.

The Life of Soldiers
Warfare played a significant role in ancient Greek society; hence soldiers were highly respected. Being a soldier was considered an honorable profession that brought glory and honor to one’s family and city-state.

However, being a soldier came with its own set of challenges. Soldiers had to endure harsh living conditions while on campaigns like sleeping on the ground in tents or makeshift shelters. They also faced severe weather conditions like extreme heat or cold while marching long distances or fighting battles.

Rewards for Soldiers

Despite the challenges they faced during campaigns, there were rewards for soldiers. They were awarded for their bravery and courage on the battlefield, and some were granted citizenship, land, or money.

In conclusion, soldiers played a crucial role in ancient Greek society. They were responsible for protecting their city-states from foreign invasions and underwent rigorous training to become skilled warriors. Despite the challenges they faced, being a soldier was an honorable profession that brought glory and honor to one’s family and city-state.