What Did the Moon Look Like in Ancient Times?

Have you ever wondered what the moon looked like in ancient times? Many cultures throughout history have observed and documented the moon’s phases and appearance, often attributing significant meanings to them. Let’s explore what the moon looked like in ancient times and how it was perceived by different civilizations.

Early Observations of the Moon

The earliest recorded observations of the moon come from ancient Babylonian astronomers around 2000 BCE. They were among the first to develop a lunar calendar based on the cycles of the moon. The Babylonians also believed that the phases of the moon had an impact on human behavior.

The Moon in Ancient Egypt

In Ancient Egypt, the moon was associated with many deities, including Thoth, god of wisdom, and Khonsu, god of time and fertility. The Egyptians also used lunar calendars to keep track of time, with each month beginning on the new moon.

The Moon in Ancient Greece

The ancient Greeks were fascinated by the moon and its various phases. They believed that each phase represented a different aspect of their lunar goddess Selene. The Greeks also used lunar calendars and believed that certain phases of the moon had specific effects on crops, tides, and even human emotions.

The Moon in Ancient China

In Ancient China, the moon was considered a symbol of yin energy, associated with femininity and tranquility. Chinese astronomers developed a lunar calendar as early as 1046 BCE, which is still used in some parts of Asia today.

How Did People Perceive The Moon?

Despite varying beliefs about its significance, people across cultures have often been awed by the beauty and mystery of the moon. In ancient times, people did not have telescopes or advanced technology to study or understand it better; they relied only on their eyesight to observe it.

The moon was often seen as a symbol of change, transformation, and mystery. Its phases were associated with the cyclical nature of life, death, and rebirth. Many cultures also believed that the moon had a profound impact on fertility, agriculture, and human behavior.


In conclusion, the moon has been an object of fascination and reverence for many cultures throughout history. From its earliest recorded observations in ancient Babylon to its role in lunar calendars across the world, the moon has captured our imaginations for millennia. Despite our modern understanding of its phases and movements, it remains a symbol of mystery and transformation.