What Did They Use to Make Bread in Ancient Times?

Bread is one of the oldest and most widely consumed food items in the world. It has been a dietary staple for thousands of years, and its history dates back to ancient times when humans first started cultivating grains. In this article, we will explore what the ancient people used to make bread.

Ancient Bread Making Techniques

Grinding Grains
The first step in making bread is to grind grains into flour. In ancient times, people used a variety of tools to grind grains, including stones and mortar and pestles. These tools were often made from locally available materials such as sandstone or granite.

Kneading Dough
Once the flour was ready, it was mixed with water to form dough. The dough was then kneaded by hand or using wooden paddles to help develop gluten in the flour. This process helped make the bread rise and gave it a Chewy texture.

Baking Bread
After kneading, the dough was left to rise for several hours before being baked. Ancient people would bake their bread in communal ovens made from clay or stone. These ovens were often heated by burning wood or straw inside them.

Ancient Bread Ingredients

In addition to flour and water, ancient people used a variety of ingredients to add flavor and nutrition to their bread.

Salt was an important ingredient in ancient bread-making as it helped preserve the bread for longer periods. It was also added for flavor.

Honey was used as a natural sweetener in ancient times. It was often added to bread dough before baking.

Milk was also added to some bread recipes for its nutritional value and taste.


In conclusion, ancient people used simple but effective techniques to make bread. They used locally available materials and ingredients to create a dietary staple that has stood the test of time. Today, bread-making has evolved, but the basic principles remain the same.