What Did Warriors Wear in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history and culture, and one of the most fascinating aspects is the attire worn by warriors during battles. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what warriors wore in Ancient Greece and how their clothing evolved over time.

Early Greek Warriors

The earliest Greek warriors, dating back to the Bronze Age, wore simple linen garments that were wrapped around their bodies. These were known as “chitons,” and they were held in place with a belt or brooch. The chiton was usually a sleeveless garment that fell to just below the knee.

As time went on, warriors began to wear more elaborate armor. This included bronze helmets, breastplates, and greaves (shin guards). These pieces of armor were designed to protect the warrior’s head, chest, and legs from injury during battle.

The Hoplite Warrior

One of the most iconic types of Greek warrior was the hoplite. Hoplites were heavily armored soldiers who fought in formation in a phalanx. The hoplite’s armor was made up of several pieces:


The hoplite helmet was known as a “corinthian” helmet. It covered the entire head and had a nose guard to protect the face. The helmet also had cheek pieces that protected the warrior’s cheeks.


The hoplite breastplate was made of bronze or leather and covered the chest and stomach. It was designed to deflect blows from weapons such as swords or spears.


The hoplite greaves were made of bronze or leather and covered the shins. They protected the warrior’s legs from injury during battle.

Ancient Greek Cavalry Warriors

In addition to hoplites, Ancient Greece also had cavalry warriors. These were soldiers who fought on horseback.

The cavalry warrior’s attire was designed to be comfortable and functional while on horseback. They wore a long tunic called a “chlamys” that was fastened at the shoulder with a brooch. They also wore leather boots that came up to just below the knee.

Ancient Greek Archers

Archers were an important part of the Ancient Greek army. They were responsible for firing arrows at the enemy from a distance. The archer’s attire was designed to allow them to move freely while shooting their bow.

They wore a short tunic called a “khiton” that fell above the knee and was fastened with a belt at the waist.


In conclusion, Ancient Greek warriors wore a variety of clothing depending on their role in the army. From simple linen garments to elaborate armor, their attire was designed for both protection and functionality during battle.

The use of distinctive helmets, breastplates, greaves, and other pieces of armor helped to identify different types of warriors on the battlefield. Understanding these clothing styles is crucial in gaining insight into Ancient Greek culture and history.