What Do High Schoolers Learn in World History?

World history is an essential subject for high schoolers, as it teaches them about the events and people that have shaped our world today. In this article, we will explore what high schoolers learn in world history.

Early Civilizations

High school students start learning about the earliest human civilizations that existed thousands of years ago. They study ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, China, India, Mesopotamia, and other early civilizations. Students learn about the political systems, social structures, and cultural achievements of these societies.

Religion and Philosophy

Religion and philosophy are also significant topics covered in world history courses. Students learn about different belief systems such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Confucianism. They study how religion influenced art and culture as well as its impact on politics and society.

Medieval Times

High school students are also taught about the Middle Ages or medieval times. They learn about the feudal system and its hierarchy of lords, knights and peasants. Students also study the Crusades and their impact on Europe.

Renaissance and Reformation

The Renaissance period is another critical topic covered in high school world history courses. Students learn about how this cultural movement led to significant developments in art, literature, science, and architecture. The Reformation is also studied along with its impact on religion during this period.

The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration is a crucial part of world history that high school students learn about as well. They study how Europeans explored new lands around the globe during the 15th to 17th centuries. Students also learn about European colonization of these lands and their impact on indigenous populations.

The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment period is another important topic covered in world history courses. High schoolers learn about this intellectual movement that led to significant changes in politics, philosophy, and science. Students also study the impact of the Enlightenment on society and its influence on the American and French Revolutions.

Modern World History

In the latter part of their world history courses, high school students learn about modern world history. They study the Industrial Revolution, World War I, World War II, and the Cold War. Students learn about significant political leaders such as Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, and Mao Zedong.


The topic of globalization is also covered in modern world history courses. High schoolers learn about how advances in technology and transportation have led to increased interconnectivity and trade among nations worldwide. They study the impact of globalization on culture, politics, economy, and society.


In conclusion, world history is a vast subject that covers a wide range of topics from early civilizations to modern-day globalization. High school students who take this course gain a better understanding of how past events have shaped our present world.

By studying different cultures and societies throughout history, students develop empathy for people who may have different beliefs or customs than their own. Overall, learning about world history is essential for creating well-rounded individuals who can appreciate diversity and understand our interconnectedness as global citizens.