What Do Pomegranate Symbolize in Ancient Greece?

Pomegranates are a fruit that has been revered and celebrated for centuries. In ancient Greece, this fruit was considered a symbol of fertility, prosperity, and abundance. The Greek gods and goddesses were often depicted holding or surrounded by pomegranates in their artwork and sculptures.

The Mythological Significance of Pomegranates

The story of Persephone, the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, is one of the most famous Greek myths involving pomegranates. According to the myth, Hades, the god of the underworld, abducted Persephone and took her to his realm. Demeter searched for her daughter in vain until she learned that Hades had taken Persephone as his wife.

Zeus eventually intervened and brokered a deal between Demeter and Hades. Persephone was allowed to return to the world above but had to spend four months each year with Hades. It is said that during these months, Demeter mourned for her daughter’s absence, causing winter to descend upon the earth.

The myth also states that while in the underworld, Hades offered Persephone a pomegranate as a symbol of his love. She ate six seeds from it before returning to her mother. This act bound her to return to Hades for six months every year.

Because of this myth, pomegranates became associated with fertility rituals and the cycle of life and death in ancient Greece.

The Symbolic Use of Pomegranates

In addition to their mythological significance, pomegranates were also used as symbols in other aspects of ancient Greek culture. For example:

– In weddings: Pomegranates were often used as decorations during weddings because they represented fertility and abundance.
– In art: Many Greek artists featured pomegranates in their paintings and sculptures as symbols of wealth.
– In literature: Pomegranates were mentioned in many Greek poems and plays, often as a metaphor for the sweetness of life.

  • The Health Benefits of Pomegranates

Aside from their symbolic significance, pomegranates have been known for their health benefits since ancient times. They are rich in antioxidants, vitamin C, and other nutrients that can help prevent heart disease, cancer, and other illnesses.


In ancient Greece, pomegranates were highly valued for their symbolic significance and health benefits. They were associated with fertility, prosperity, and abundance and used in various aspects of Greek culture such as weddings, art, and literature. Today, pomegranates continue to be celebrated for their delicious taste and numerous health benefits.