What Do We Call the Books That Narrate the Life of Jesus?

When it comes to the books that narrate the life of Jesus, there are four primary texts that are widely recognized as the most authoritative and reliable sources. These books are known as the Gospels, meaning “good news,” and they provide a detailed account of Jesus’ teachings, miracles, and crucifixion.

The Four Gospels

The four Gospels are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Each of these texts was written by a different author and provides a unique perspective on Jesus’ life and teachings.


Matthew was one of Jesus’ disciples and was present for many of his teachings and miracles. His Gospel focuses heavily on Jesus’ teachings regarding morality and how to live a righteous life. Matthew’s text also emphasizes Jesus’ role as the Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament.


Mark’s Gospel is considered to be the earliest of the four texts and is often described as a fast-paced narrative that emphasizes action over theology. Mark’s account is particularly vivid in its depiction of Jesus’ miracles, which are described in great detail.


Luke’s Gospel is notable for its emphasis on Jesus’ compassion for the poor and marginalized. Luke himself was a physician, and his text often includes detailed descriptions of physical healings performed by Jesus.


John’s Gospel takes a more philosophical approach to Jesus’ teachings than the other three texts. John emphasizes Jesus’ divinity and his role as both savior and judge. John’s account also includes several extended discourses by Jesus on topics such as eternal life.

  • Important Note: While each of these Gospels has its own unique perspective on Jesus’ life, they all share a common focus on his teachings, miracles, death, and resurrection.

Other Texts

In addition to the four Gospels, there are several other texts that provide information about Jesus’ life and teachings. These include the Acts of the Apostles, which describes the early history of Christianity after Jesus’ death, and several letters written by early Christian leaders such as Paul.


In summary, the books that narrate the life of Jesus are known as the Gospels. There are four primary texts – Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John – each of which provides a unique perspective on Jesus’ life and teachings. While there are other texts that provide information about Jesus’ life, the Gospels remain the most authoritative and widely recognized sources for understanding his message and impact on history.