What Do We Know About the Early Life of Jesus?

The early life of Jesus is a topic that has intrigued scholars and historians for centuries. While there is much that remains unknown about this period, there are several key events and facts that we can piece together from the accounts found in the Bible.

Birth and Childhood

According to the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke, Jesus was born in Bethlehem to Mary and Joseph. The exact date of his birth is unknown but is widely celebrated on December 25th each year. After his birth, his family fled to Egypt to escape King Herod’s order to kill all infant boys in Bethlehem.

As a child, Jesus grew up in Nazareth with his parents and siblings. The Gospels do not provide much information about his childhood, but it is believed that he likely learned carpentry from his father Joseph.

Ministry Beginnings

The Gospels suggest that Jesus began his public ministry around the age of 30. He was baptized by John the Baptist in the Jordan River and then spent 40 days fasting in the desert before returning to Galilee.

In Galilee, he began preaching and performing miracles such as healing the sick and feeding large crowds of people with just a few loaves of bread and fish. His teachings attracted many followers, but also drew criticism from religious leaders who felt threatened by his message.


Jesus’ teachings were groundbreaking for their time. He preached love for others, forgiveness, humility, compassion, and nonviolence. He also challenged traditional Jewish beliefs by advocating for social justice and equality for all people regardless of their status or background.

Some of his most famous teachings include “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you” (Matthew 7:12) and “Love your neighbor as yourself” (Mark 12:31).


Despite his popularity, Jesus’ teachings and actions eventually led to his arrest and execution by crucifixion. According to the Gospels, he was betrayed by one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, and handed over to the Roman authorities.

After his death, his followers claimed that he had risen from the dead and appeared to them. This event became known as the Resurrection and is a central tenet of Christian faith.


While much about Jesus’ early life remains a mystery, the accounts found in the Bible provide us with a glimpse into his birth and childhood, as well as his teachings and eventual death. His message of love and compassion continues to inspire millions around the world today.