What Do You Know About the Egyptian Society in Ancient Times?

Egyptian society in ancient times is a fascinating subject that has captured the imagination of people around the world. From the magnificent pyramids to the enigmatic Sphinx, Egypt’s rich history has left an indelible mark on civilization. Let’s take a closer look at some of the key aspects of Egyptian society in ancient times.

The Pharaohs

The Pharaohs were considered divine rulers and were at the top of the Egyptian social hierarchy. They were believed to be powerful and wise, with a direct connection to the gods. The Pharaohs were responsible for maintaining order and stability in society, overseeing construction projects like temples and pyramids, and leading military campaigns.

The Nobility

Below the Pharaohs was a class of nobles who held significant wealth and power. They owned large estates and controlled vast amounts of land, which they used to generate income through agriculture and trade. The nobility served as advisors to the Pharaohs, helping them govern effectively.

The Priests

Priests played an essential role in Egyptian society as they were responsible for performing religious ceremonies and rituals. They oversaw temple operations, maintained religious artifacts, and ensured that offerings were made to the gods regularly. Priests enjoyed significant influence over society due to their connection with religion.

The Scribes

Scribes were highly respected individuals who held important positions in government offices. They were responsible for recording important events, managing records, and maintaining accounts. Scribes also conducted research on various topics such as law, medicine, astronomy, mathematics, and literature.

The Commoners

Most Egyptians belonged to this class – they were farmers or artisans who provided goods for their community or worked on construction projects like buildings or monuments. This group enjoyed some social mobility – individuals could move up in rank if they accumulated wealth or skills that were highly valued by society.

The Slaves

Slavery was an unfortunate reality of ancient Egyptian society. Slaves were usually prisoners of war or individuals who had been sold into slavery due to debt or poverty.

They were considered property and could be bought and sold like any other commodity. Slaves worked in a variety of roles such as servants, laborers, and agricultural workers.


Egyptian society in ancient times was an intricate web of social classes, each with its unique roles and responsibilities. The Pharaohs ruled over all, followed by the nobility, priests, scribes, commoners, and slaves. Understanding the complexities of this ancient civilization gives us a glimpse into the past and helps us appreciate the richness of human history.