What Do You Learn in World History in High School?

In high school, one of the most fascinating subjects to study is World History. It is a broad subject that covers a lot of ground, including the events, people, and ideas that have shaped the world we live in today.

So, what exactly do you learn in World History in high school?

The answer to this question can vary depending on the school and curriculum. However, there are several key topics that are typically covered.

Ancient Civilizations

One of the first areas of study is typically ancient civilizations. This includes learning about some of the earliest human societies, such as those in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Students will explore the development of agriculture, religion, writing systems, and political organization.

The Classical World

Another important area of study is the classical world. This includes ancient Greece and Rome and their impact on Western civilization. Students will learn about important philosophers like Socrates and Aristotle as well as emperors like Julius Caesar.

The Middle Ages

The Middle Ages were a time of great change and upheaval in Europe. Students will learn about feudalism, knights, castles, and the rise of powerful monarchies. They will also explore the role of religion during this time period.

The Renaissance

The Renaissance was a time of great cultural and intellectual growth in Europe. Students will learn about famous artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo as well as thinkers like Galileo Galilei.

The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration was a time when European countries began exploring and colonizing other parts of the world. Students will learn about famous explorers like Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama as well as the impact that colonization had on indigenous populations.

The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment was a period when reason became valued over tradition or religious authority. Students will learn about influential thinkers like John Locke and Voltaire and the impact they had on politics and society.

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was a time of great technological advancement that led to massive changes in the way people lived and worked. Students will learn about inventions like the steam engine and spinning jenny as well as the social impact of these changes.

World War I and II

Finally, students will study the two World Wars. They will learn about the causes of each war, significant battles, key leaders, and the impact that each war had on the world.


In conclusion, studying World History in high school is an incredibly valuable experience. Not only does it teach students about important events and people from the past, but it also helps them understand how those events have shaped our modern world. Whether you are interested in politics, culture, or economics, there is something in World History for everyone to learn.