What Does Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece Have in Common?

Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece are two of the most fascinating civilizations in human history. These ancient cultures have captured our imagination for centuries, with their epic stories, impressive architecture, and intricate art.

But what do these two civilizations have in common? Let’s explore.

Their Influence on Western Civilization

One of the most significant similarities between Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece is their impact on Western civilization. Both cultures have had a profound influence on the development of Western thought, art, and culture.

The ancient Greeks are often regarded as the cradle of Western civilization. They developed democratic forms of government, philosophy, literature, and drama that continue to shape our world today. The Greeks were also pioneers in science and mathematics, making significant contributions to fields like astronomy, physics, geometry, and calculus.

Similarly, Ancient Egypt was a highly advanced civilization that made remarkable contributions to human knowledge and technology. Egyptians invented writing systems like hieroglyphics and developed sophisticated mathematics that allowed them to build monumental structures like pyramids and temples. They also made significant advances in medicine and astronomy.


Both Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt had complex polytheistic religions that played a significant role in their societies. In both cultures, religion was closely tied to daily life, politics, morality, and art.

In Ancient Greece, gods like Zeus, Athena, Apollo were worshiped as divine entities who controlled various aspects of the natural world and human life. Greeks believed that offering sacrifices to these gods would appease them or gain their favor.

In Ancient Egypt too religion played an important role in society; Pharaohs were considered divine beings who had immense power over their subjects’ lives. Egyptians believed that after death they would be judged by Osiris based on how they lived their lives on earth.

Artistic Achievements

Ancient Greece is renowned for its artistic achievements, with masterpieces like the Parthenon and the sculptures of famous artists like Phidias, Praxiteles and Myron. The Greeks believed that art should be beautiful and realistic, reflecting the perfection of nature.

Egyptian art, on the other hand, was more symbolic than realistic. Their art was heavily influenced by religious beliefs and featured hieroglyphics that were used to tell stories or convey messages. Egyptian art was also used to immortalize their Pharaohs in statues or wall carvings.


Despite being separated by time and distance, Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece share many similarities. Both cultures left an indelible mark on human history through their contributions to philosophy, science, art, literature, religion, and politics. Their influence on Western civilization is still felt today in everything from our political systems to our artistic traditions.