What Does National Convention Mean in World History?

In the world of politics, a national convention is a gathering of delegates from across a country to nominate candidates for a presidential election. National conventions have played an important role in shaping the political landscape of various countries throughout history. Let’s take a closer look at what national conventions mean in the context of world history.

Origins of National Conventions

National conventions have their roots in the United States, where they were first held by the Anti-Masonic Party in 1831. The concept quickly gained popularity and was adopted by other political parties as well. Today, national conventions are held by both major political parties in the US – the Democrats and Republicans – to officially nominate their presidential candidates.

Role of National Conventions

National conventions serve as a platform for political parties to showcase their vision and policies to voters. They also provide an opportunity for candidates to deliver speeches and garner support from party members and delegates. In addition to nominating presidential candidates, national conventions also adopt party platforms that outline their policy priorities.

Impact on World History

National conventions have had far-reaching effects on world history. They have been instrumental in shaping the ideological direction of countries by laying out policy agendas that influence legislative action. For example, during the 1930s, Germany’s Nazi Party used its national convention to promote its anti-Semitic platform and rally support for Adolf Hitler’s leadership.

In more recent times, national conventions have played an important role in democratic movements around the world. For instance, Ukraine’s Orange Revolution in 2004 saw mass protests against alleged electoral fraud culminating in a re-run of the presidential election which was observed by international monitors.

The Future of National Conventions

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about significant changes to how national conventions are held. In 2020, both US political parties held virtual conventions due to public health concerns. It remains to be seen how this will impact future conventions and whether virtual conventions become the norm.


In conclusion, national conventions are a crucial aspect of world history that have played a significant role in shaping political landscapes. Whether held in person or virtually, they provide a platform for political parties to outline their vision and policies, nominate candidates, and adopt party platforms. National conventions will continue to play an important role in shaping the future of politics worldwide.