What Does Parthenon Mean in World History?

The Parthenon is an ancient temple located in Athens, Greece. It was constructed in the 5th century BCE during the Golden Age of Athens under the leadership of Pericles. The Parthenon was dedicated to the goddess Athena, who was considered to be the patron deity of Athens.

The Significance of Parthenon in World History

The Parthenon is an architectural masterpiece that showcases the brilliance and creativity of ancient Greek architects and sculptors. The temple’s design embodies the principles of classical Greek architecture that have influenced building design for centuries.

The Architecture

The Parthenon is a Doric temple that follows a strict set of rules for its design. It features eight columns on each end and seventeen columns along its sides, all with fluted shafts and Ionic capitals. The columns support a pedimented roof with a frieze depicting scenes from Greek mythology.

The Sculptures

The sculptures on the Parthenon are some of the finest examples of ancient Greek art. They were created by master sculptor Phidias and his team, who used marble from Mount Pentelicus for their creations.

One of the most famous sculptures on the temple is the statue of Athena Parthenos, which stood at almost 40 feet tall and was made entirely out of gold and ivory.

The Role in Modern Times

Today, the Parthenon stands as a symbol of Western culture and democracy. Its influence can be seen in countless architectural designs around the world, including government buildings, museums, and even private residences.

In recent years, there has been much debate about whether or not certain sculptures from the Parthenon should be returned to Greece from their current location at the British Museum in London.

Regardless of these controversies, however, there is no denying that the Parthenon remains one of history’s most impressive architectural achievements. Its design and sculptures continue to inspire awe and admiration among visitors from all over the world.


In conclusion, the Parthenon is a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of ancient Greek architects and sculptors. Its influence can be seen in countless buildings around the world, and its legacy continues to inspire new generations of architects, artists, and thinkers. As such, it will always remain an important symbol of Western culture and democracy, as well as a source of inspiration for people everywhere.