What Does Secular Mean World History?

Secularism is a concept that has been around for centuries, but it has taken on various meanings and interpretations throughout history. In simple terms, secularism refers to the separation of religion and state, or the idea that political decisions should not be based on religious beliefs. However, the definition of secularism has evolved over time and is still a topic of debate today.

Origins of Secularism

The origins of secularism can be traced back to ancient Greece and Rome, where thinkers like Epicurus and Lucretius advocated for a worldview based on reason rather than superstition. During the Enlightenment period in Europe, philosophers such as Voltaire and John Locke championed the idea of religious tolerance and the separation of church and state.

Secularism in Modern Times

In modern times, secularism has become more prevalent in Western societies. In countries like France and Turkey, there are laws that prohibit public displays of religious symbols such as the hijab or crucifix. In the United States, there is a strict separation between church and state enshrined in the Constitution.

However, there are still many countries where religion plays a significant role in politics. In some Islamic countries like Iran and Saudi Arabia, religious leaders hold significant power over government decisions. In India, Hindu nationalism has led to discriminatory policies against religious minorities.

The Pros and Cons of Secularism

There are both advantages and disadvantages to secularism. On one hand, separating religion from politics can prevent discrimination against minority religions and promote equality for all citizens. It also allows individuals to freely practice their own beliefs without fear of persecution.

On the other hand, some argue that secularism can lead to a loss of moral values in society. Without religion as a guiding force, people may become more selfish or immoral. Additionally, some argue that secularism can lead to an overly materialistic society, where people prioritize money and success over spiritual fulfillment.


In conclusion, secularism is a complex concept that has evolved over time. While it has many advantages, there are also potential drawbacks to separating religion from politics. Ultimately, the role of religion in society is a deeply personal and cultural issue that will continue to be debated for years to come.