What Does the Serpent Represent in Ancient Times?

The serpent is a symbol that has been present in various cultures and religions throughout history. It has been portrayed in different ways, sometimes as a creature that represents wisdom, fertility, or healing, while other times it is seen as a creature of evil and cunning. Here we will explore the different meanings and representations of the serpent in ancient times.

The Serpent in Ancient Egypt

In ancient Egyptian mythology, the serpent was associated with royalty and divinity. The Pharaohs were often depicted with a cobra on their headdress, called the uraeus.

This symbolized their power and authority over Egypt. Additionally, the goddess Wadjet was often depicted as a cobra or a woman with a cobra’s head. She was considered to be the protector of Lower Egypt and associated with protection and strength.

The Serpent in Ancient Greece

In Greek mythology, the serpent was associated with healing and medicine. The god Asclepius, who was known for his ability to heal the sick, carried a staff with a serpent wrapped around it, which eventually became known as the caduceus symbol still used in modern medicine today.

However, not all representations of serpents in Greek mythology were positive. The Hydra was an enormous serpent-like creature with multiple heads that terrorized villages until it was ultimately defeated by Hercules.

The Serpent in Ancient India

In Hinduism, the serpent is an important symbol associated with spiritual awakening and Kundalini energy. It is believed that when this energy awakens within an individual, it rises up through different chakras like a coiled snake until it reaches enlightenment at the crown chakra.

Additionally, many Hindu gods are depicted holding or being accompanied by serpents. For example, Shiva is often shown wearing snakes around his neck while Vishnu rests on a bed made of serpents.

The Serpent in Abrahamic Religions

In Abrahamic religions, the serpent is often portrayed as a symbol of evil and temptation. In the Bible, the serpent is the creature that tempts Eve to eat the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden, leading to her and Adam’s expulsion from paradise.

Additionally, in Islam, Iblis (Satan) is said to have taken the form of a serpent in order to tempt Adam and Eve. This has led to the serpent being seen as a representation of deceit and trickery in many cultures.


The serpent has been a powerful symbol throughout history, with different interpretations and representations across various cultures. From representing healing and divinity to temptation and deceit, it is clear that this creature has had a lasting impact on human imagination and understanding.