What Factors in History Led to the American Revolution?

The American Revolution was a crucial event in world history as it marked the birth of a new nation – the United States of America. The revolution was a result of various factors that had been brewing for years, and it ultimately led to the separation of the thirteen American colonies from British rule. In this article, we will explore some of the key factors that contributed to this historic event.

Colonization and Mercantilism

One of the primary reasons behind American Revolution was colonization and mercantilism. The British government had established colonies in North America to increase their wealth and power.

They imposed strict trade regulations on these colonies, making it difficult for them to conduct business with other nations. This policy, known as mercantilism, ensured that all profits generated by the colonies flowed back to Britain.

The colonists resented these restrictions as they felt it hindered their economic growth and development. Additionally, they believed that they were being exploited by British merchants who charged exorbitant prices for goods sold in the colonies.

Taxation without Representation

Another significant factor that led to the American Revolution was taxation without representation. The British government imposed several taxes on the colonists without their consent or representation in Parliament. The Stamp Act of 1765 and the Townshend Acts of 1767 were particularly controversial as they taxed everyday items such as paper, tea, and glass.

The colonists argued that they could not be taxed without their consent or representation in parliament as they believed in “no taxation without representation.” They also believed that these taxes were unjustified since they did not receive any benefits from them.

Protests and Resistance

As tensions between Britain and its American colonies grew, protests and resistance movements began to emerge. Groups such as the Sons of Liberty organized boycotts against British goods and staged protests against unjust taxes.

One particular event that sparked widespread outrage was the Boston Massacre of 1770. British soldiers opened fire on a group of colonists, killing five people. This event galvanized the colonists and further fueled their desire for independence.

Common Sense and Declaration of Independence

In 1776, Thomas Paine published a pamphlet called Common Sense, which argued for American independence from Britain. The pamphlet was widely circulated and had a significant impact on public opinion.

Later that same year, the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, which stated that the thirteen colonies were no longer under British rule but were instead independent states. The document outlined the colonists’ grievances against Britain and their reasons for seeking independence.


In conclusion, the American Revolution was a pivotal event in world history that resulted from various factors such as colonization, mercantilism, taxation without representation, protests and resistance movements, Common Sense, and the Declaration of Independence. These factors combined to create a perfect storm that ultimately led to the separation of the thirteen colonies from British rule and the birth of a new nation – the United States of America.