What Fruits Grew in Ancient Greece?

Fruits have been an essential part of human diets since ancient times. In Ancient Greece, fruits were considered a delicacy and were enjoyed by people of all classes.

The warm Mediterranean climate in Greece allowed for a variety of fruits to grow throughout the year. Let’s explore some of the fruits that grew in Ancient Greece.

Grapes: Grapes were one of the most popular fruits in Ancient Greece, and they were used to make wine. In fact, wine was an important part of Greek culture and was consumed during social gatherings and religious ceremonies.

Figs: Figs were another popular fruit in Ancient Greece and were often used in desserts. They were also believed to have medicinal properties and were used to treat various ailments.

Pomegranates: Pomegranates were considered a symbol of fertility and prosperity in Ancient Greece. They were often used as offerings to the gods and goddesses.

Olives: Olives were not technically a fruit, but they were an important part of Greek cuisine nonetheless. They were used to make olive oil, which was used for cooking, as well as for lighting lamps.

Apples: Apples grew in abundance throughout Ancient Greece and were often given as gifts during special occasions.

Quinces: Quinces resemble apples but have a more sour taste. They were often used to make jams or served with cheese.

In addition to these fruits, Greeks also enjoyed eating nuts like almonds and walnuts, which they would use to make pastries such as baklava.

It’s worth noting that many of these fruits still grow in modern-day Greece, and they are still an important part of Greek cuisine. If you ever visit Greece, be sure to try some traditional Greek dishes made with these delicious fruits!

The Role Of Fruits In Ancient Greek Society

Fruits played a significant role in Ancient Greek society, not just as a food source but also in religious and cultural contexts. Many fruits were associated with specific gods and goddesses, and they were often used as offerings during religious ceremonies.

For example, pomegranates were associated with the goddess Persephone, who was the queen of the underworld. The story goes that Hades, the god of the underworld, kidnapped Persephone and took her to his realm.

While she was there, she ate six pomegranate seeds, which bound her to Hades for six months of the year. This story explains why we have winter – when Persephone is in the underworld – and spring – when she returns to the earth.

Grapes were associated with Dionysus, the god of wine and ecstasy. He was often depicted holding a bunch of grapes or riding a chariot pulled by panthers.

Fruits were also used in art and literature. For example, Homer’s epic poem “The Odyssey” references figs several times as a food source for sailors on long journeys.


Fruits were an essential part of everyday life in Ancient Greece. They provided sustenance, medicinal benefits, and were even used in religious ceremonies.

The warm Mediterranean climate allowed for a variety of fruits to grow throughout the year. Today, many of these fruits are still enjoyed in modern-day Greece and are an important part of Greek cuisine.