What Gems Were Used in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece was a civilization that flourished from the 8th to the 4th century BCE. The Greeks were known for their love of beauty and luxury, and they adorned themselves with jewelry made from various precious stones, also known as gems.

The Greeks believed that these gems had mystical powers, and they used them for healing purposes, as well as for adornment. Let’s take a closer look at some of the gems that were commonly used in ancient Greece.


One of the most popular gems in ancient Greece was amethyst. This purple stone was believed to have protective powers, and it was often worn by soldiers in battle. According to Greek mythology, amethyst was originally a beautiful woman who was turned into a stone by the goddess Artemis to protect her from the wrath of Dionysus.


Another popular gemstone in ancient Greece was emerald. This green stone was associated with fertility and rebirth, and it was often worn by women during childbirth. The Greeks believed that emerald could help ease the pain of labor.


Ruby was another popular gemstone in ancient Greece. This red stone was associated with passion and love, and it was often given as a gift between lovers. The Greeks believed that ruby could help strengthen relationships and bring good luck in matters of the heart.


Sapphire was also highly prized by the Greeks. This blue stone symbolized wisdom and truth, and it was often worn by scholars and philosophers. The Greeks believed that sapphire could help bring clarity of thought and improve mental acuity.


Finally, topaz was another gemstone that was commonly used in ancient Greece. This yellow stone symbolized strength and courage, and it was often worn by warriors going into battle. The Greeks believed that topaz could help increase physical strength and stamina.

List of Popular Gems in Ancient Greece:

  • Amethyst – protective powers
  • Emerald – fertility and rebirth
  • Ruby – passion and love
  • Sapphire – wisdom and truth
  • Topaz – strength and courage

In conclusion, the ancient Greeks had a deep appreciation for the beauty and symbolism of precious gems. From amethyst to topaz, these stones were not only prized for their aesthetic qualities but also for their healing and protective powers. Today, we continue to admire and appreciate these gems for their timeless beauty.