What Happened in the Ancient Greek Times?

The ancient Greek times, also known as the classical period, spanned from 776 BCE to 323 BCE. It was a time of great development in art, philosophy, and politics. Let’s take a closer look at what happened during this fascinating era.

The Early Greek Civilization

The early Greek civilization emerged around 2800 BCE and lasted until around 1100 BCE. During this period, the Greeks developed city-states that were independent and self-governing. These city-states were often at war with each other but also engaged in trade and cultural exchange.

The Archaic Period

The Archaic Period began in the 8th century BCE and lasted until the Persian Wars in 480-479 BCE. This was a time of significant cultural growth as the Greeks developed their art, literature, and philosophy. The Olympic Games were also established during this period as a way to bring together different city-states for peaceful competition.

The Golden Age of Greece

The Golden Age of Greece occurred during the 5th century BCE when Athens became the cultural center of Greece. This period is characterized by significant achievements in art, literature, philosophy, and politics. The Parthenon was built during this time as a symbol of Athens’ power and wealth.


Greek art during this period focused on portraying idealized human figures with perfect proportions. Sculpture was highly valued, with many famous examples such as the Venus de Milo and the Winged Victory of Samothrace.


Greek literature from this era includes epic poems such as Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. The playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes also produced famous works that are still performed today.


The ancient Greeks are known for their contributions to philosophy, with famous thinkers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These philosophers explored the nature of reality, ethics, politics, and the human condition.


The Athenian democracy emerged during this time as a radical new form of government. Citizens were allowed to participate in decision-making through assemblies and courts. However, only men who were born in Athens and had completed military training were considered citizens.

The Decline of Greece

The Greek civilization began to decline after the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta in 404 BCE. The Macedonian empire under Alexander the Great conquered Greece in 323 BCE, effectively ending the classical period.


The ancient Greek times were a period of significant cultural growth that produced lasting contributions to art, literature, philosophy, and politics. The legacy of this civilization continues to influence Western culture today.