In the year 1848, a lot was happening in American history. From political to social changes, this year marked a significant turning point in the country’s development. Let’s take a closer look at some of the major events that occurred during this time.
The Mexican-American War Comes to an End
The Mexican-American War began in 1846 and continued for two years until its conclusion in 1848. The war took place between the United States and Mexico over territorial disputes. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed on February 2nd, 1848, ending the war and giving the United States control over Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, and Oklahoma.
The Gold Rush Begins
In January of 1848, gold was discovered in California at Sutter’s Mill. This discovery marked the beginning of one of the largest migrations in American history as people rushed to California to find their fortunes. The Gold Rush brought an influx of people to California from all over the world and changed its economy forever.
The Seneca Falls Convention
The Seneca Falls Convention was held from July 19th-20th in Seneca Falls, New York. It was organized by women’s rights activists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott with a goal to discuss women’s rights issues such as suffrage and property rights. This convention is considered a landmark event in American history as it helped launch the women’s suffrage movement.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is Ratified
On March 10th, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was ratified by Congress officially ending the Mexican-American War. The treaty established new boundaries between Mexico and the United States while also providing protection for Mexican citizens living in the newly acquired territories.
The Wisconsin Territory is Established
On July 3rd, 1848, the Wisconsin Territory was established. This new territory was created from parts of Michigan Territory and Iowa Territory. It eventually became the state of Wisconsin in 1849.
The Whig National Convention
The Whig National Convention was held from June 7th-9th in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The convention nominated Zachary Taylor as their candidate for President of the United States. Taylor won the election later that year and became the country’s 12th president.
In conclusion, 1848 was a significant year in American history with major events ranging from political to social changes. The end of the Mexican-American War, the beginning of the Gold Rush, and the Seneca Falls Convention helped shape America into what it is today.