What Happened in Unit 5 of AP World History?

Unit 5 of AP World History has been a fascinating journey into the age of revolutions and the emergence of new nations. This period covers the years from 1750 to 1900, which was marked by various social, political, and economic upheavals that reshaped the world as we know it today.

The Enlightenment and Its Impact

The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement that emerged in Europe during the 18th century. It was characterized by a focus on reason and individualism, as well as a belief in progress and human rights. The ideas of the Enlightenment had a profound impact on society, inspiring political revolutions such as the American Revolution and the French Revolution.

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution began in Britain during the late 18th century and transformed manufacturing processes with new inventions such as steam power, textile machinery, and iron production. The revolution spread to other countries like Germany, France, and the United States, leading to significant social and economic changes. Factories replaced traditional cottage industries; workers migrated from rural areas to cities; and new transportation systems were developed.

Latin American Revolutions

In Latin America, several countries gained their independence from European colonial powers during this period. The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) led by Toussaint L’Ouverture was one of the earliest successful slave revolts in modern history. In South America, Simon Bolivar led several successful campaigns against Spanish rule resulting in Venezuela’s independence as well as other nearby countries.


Nationalism emerged as a powerful force during this time period with people identifying themselves based on shared language or culture rather than simply geography or religion. Nationalist movements led to various conflicts such as Italian unification under Giuseppe Garibaldi and German unification under Otto von Bismarck.


Overall, Unit 5 of AP World History has shown us how the world changed during the period from 1750 to 1900. The Enlightenment inspired political revolutions, the Industrial Revolution transformed manufacturing processes, Latin American countries gained their independence and nationalist movements reshaped Europe. This period set the stage for the modern world we live in today.