Ancient Greece is renowned for its rich history and culture. One of the most fascinating aspects of Ancient Greece is the architecture and the houses in which people lived. In this article, we will take a closer look at the houses that Ancient Greeks lived in.
The Types of Houses
Ancient Greece had several types of houses, each with its unique features. The most common types were:
1. The City House (Oikos)
The City House was a rectangular-shaped house built around a central courtyard. These houses were typically two stories high and had an open-air courtyard in the center. The upper floor was used for sleeping, while the ground floor was used for cooking and living.
2. The Farmhouse (Khôraios Oikos)
The Farmhouse was prevalent in rural areas of Ancient Greece and was usually a single-story structure with a thatched roof made from reeds or straw. These houses were simple and designed to withstand harsh weather conditions.
3. The Villa (Villa)
Villas were larger homes built on estates outside of cities and towns. They were primarily used by wealthy families as vacation homes or as retreats from city life.
The Design Elements
Regardless of the type of house, Ancient Greek architecture incorporated some common design elements:
Columns were an essential part of Ancient Greek architecture, providing support to buildings while also adding an aesthetic appeal to the structure. Roofs
Most roofs in ancient Greek houses had a sloping design that allowed rainwater to run off easily. Walls
The walls of Ancient Greek homes were typically made from stone or mud bricks, with plaster applied to give them a smooth surface finish.
Furnishings and Decorations
The furnishings and decorations in Ancient Greek homes were simple yet elegant. They included:
Beds were typically made from wood and had straw or wool mattresses. Chairs and Tables
Chairs and tables were also made from wood, with the wealthy using more intricate designs. Pottery
Pottery was a crucial aspect of Ancient Greek life, with many homes having decorative vases, bowls, and other items.
Ancient Greek houses were an essential part of daily life, providing shelter to families while also showcasing the beauty of Greek architecture. From their design elements to their furnishings and decorations, these houses are a testament to the creativity and ingenuity of Ancient Greeks.