What Impact Did the Mongols Have on World History?

The Mongol Empire is often considered one of the most significant empires in world history. It was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206 and eventually grew to encompass much of Asia, Europe, and the Middle East.

The Mongols were known for their military prowess, but their impact on world history goes beyond conquest. Let’s take a closer look at the impact that the Mongols had on the world.

The Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan, a warrior and leader who united many of the nomadic tribes of Mongolia under his rule. He quickly began expanding his territory through military conquest, eventually conquering much of China and parts of Central Asia.

Under Genghis Khan’s successors, the empire continued to expand. The Mongols conquered Russia, Eastern Europe, and parts of the Middle East. At its height, the empire covered over 22 million square kilometers and had a population of around 100 million people.

Military Tactics

One of the reasons for the Mongols’ success was their military tactics. They were skilled horsemen who could move quickly across vast distances. They used a combination of archery and close-quarters combat to defeat their enemies.

The Mongols also used psychological warfare to intimidate their opponents. They would often send emissaries to negotiate peace treaties before attacking, making it clear that they were willing to use force if necessary.

Cultural Exchange

Despite being known for their military conquests, the Mongols also had a significant impact on culture and trade. As they conquered new territories, they would often bring skilled craftsmen and artisans back to their capital city.

This cultural exchange led to an increase in trade between different parts of the world. The Silk Road, a major trade route between China and Europe, flourished during this time.


The Mongol Empire had a lasting impact on world history. It helped to connect different parts of the world through increased trade and cultural exchange. The empire also had an impact on language, with Mongolian words and names making their way into other languages.

The Mongol Empire also had an impact on political systems. Some historians argue that the empire’s decentralized structure influenced the development of modern democracy.


In conclusion, the Mongol Empire was one of the most significant empires in world history. Its military tactics and conquests are well-known, but its impact on culture, trade, and politics should not be overlooked. The legacy of the Mongols can still be seen today in many different parts of the world.