What Instrument Was Used in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, music held a significant role in society and culture. The Greeks believed that music had the power to influence emotions and behavior.

They used music in various settings such as religious ceremonies, festivals, and even in daily life. But what instruments did they use to create this harmonious sound?

The Lyre

One of the most popular instruments used in ancient Greece was the lyre. The lyre was a stringed instrument that resembled a small harp.

It had a wooden body with two curved arms that extended upwards and joined at the top to hold the strings. The musician would pluck the strings with one hand while using the other hand to press down on specific strings to create different notes.

The Aulos

Another popular instrument used in ancient Greece was the aulos. The aulos was a double-piped wind instrument made of bone, ivory, or wood.

It had two pipes of different lengths attached to a common mouthpiece. The musician would blow air into the mouthpiece while covering or uncovering various finger holes on each pipe to create different notes.

The Kithara

The kithara was another stringed instrument used in ancient Greece that resembled a large lyre. It had seven strings made of sheep gut or horsehair stretched over a wooden frame with two arms extending from it. The musician would use both hands to pluck or strum the strings while resting it on their lap or standing it upright.

The Panpipes

The panpipes were another wind instrument commonly used in ancient Greece. They consisted of several hollow reeds of varying lengths tied together side by side with wax or string. The musician would blow air across the top opening of each reed to create different notes.


In conclusion, music played an integral role in everyday life and culture in ancient Greece. The lyre, aulos, kithara, and panpipes were just a few of the instruments used to create beautiful music that still resonates with us today. It’s fascinating to see how these instruments have evolved over time and how they continue to influence modern music.