What Instruments Existed in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, music played a significant role in everyday life. From religious ceremonies to sporting events, music was an integral part of Greek culture.

Musical instruments were used to accompany singing, dancing, and recitation of poetry. Here are some of the most common instruments that existed in ancient Greece:

The Aulos

The Aulos was a wind instrument that had two pipes made from cane or reed. It was commonly used in religious ceremonies and festivals. The player would blow into one pipe while covering the other with their finger, creating a melodic sound.

The Lyre

The Lyre was a stringed instrument that had a U-shaped frame and strings attached to it. The musician would pluck the strings with their fingers or use a plectrum to create different notes and melodies. It was often played at banquets and during leisure time.

The Kithara

The Kithara was another stringed instrument that was similar to the Lyre but larger in size. It was often played by professional musicians and used in public performances such as theater productions.

The Panpipes

The Panpipes were made from reeds of varying lengths and sizes that were tied together. They were blown into to create different notes, often imitating the sound of birds or animals.

The Tympanum

The Tympanum was a percussion instrument that consisted of a circular frame with animal hide stretched over it. It was struck with the hands or sticks to create rhythmical beats.


These are just some of the instruments that existed in ancient Greece. Each instrument had its own unique sound and purpose, whether it be for religious ceremonies or entertainment purposes. The use of music in ancient Greece is evidence of its importance in society, serving as both a means of artistic expression and a way to bring people together.