What Inventions Were Made in Ancient Times?

Inventions made in ancient times have had a significant impact on the world we live in today. From the wheel to the printing press, ancient inventors created tools and technologies that changed the course of history. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most important inventions made in ancient times.

The Wheel

One of the most important inventions of all time is the wheel. The earliest wheels were invented around 3500 BCE in Mesopotamia.

They were used for pottery-making and transportation, and eventually led to the development of carts and chariots. The wheel made it easier to transport goods over long distances, which led to increased trade and economic growth.

The Plow

Another important invention was the plow, which was first used in Mesopotamia around 3000 BCE. The plow made it easier to cultivate crops, which led to increased agricultural production and allowed civilizations to support larger populations.

The Printing Press

The printing press was invented in China around 600 CE. It revolutionized communication by making it possible to produce books and other printed materials quickly and cheaply. This invention paved the way for mass literacy and helped spread knowledge throughout the world.

The Compass

The compass was invented in China during the Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE). It revolutionized navigation by allowing sailors to determine their direction at sea. This invention made it possible for ships to travel further from shore and opened up new trade routes.

The Archimedes Screw

The Archimedes screw was invented by Archimedes of Syracuse (c. 287 – c. 212 BCE) in Ancient Greece. This device is still used today for irrigation projects, pumping water out of mines, and other applications that require moving liquids uphill or against gravity.

The Calendar

The ancient Egyptians were the first to develop a calendar around 3000 BCE. Their calendar had 365 days and was based on the cycles of the sun and moon. This invention allowed for more accurate tracking of time, which was important for agriculture, religion, and governance.

The Writing System

Writing systems were developed independently in several ancient civilizations, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and Mesoamerica. These systems made it possible to record information and communicate ideas over long distances. Writing also played a crucial role in the development of literature, science, and philosophy.


In conclusion, the inventions made in ancient times have had a profound impact on modern society. From transportation to communication to agriculture, these inventions changed the way humans live and interact with each other. Without these inventions, our world would be very different today.