What Is Ancient China Civilization?

China, one of the oldest civilizations in the world, has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The ancient Chinese civilization developed along the Yellow River in China and spanned over 5,000 years. It is considered to be one of the most influential and important civilizations in human history.

Ancient Chinese Society

During the ancient period in China, society was divided into four classes: scholars, farmers, artisans, and merchants. The scholars were considered to be the elite class as they were highly respected for their knowledge and wisdom.

Farmers were regarded as the backbone of society as they produced food for everyone. Artisans were skilled workers who created beautiful objects while merchants were traders who traveled long distances to sell goods.

Contributions to World Civilization

The ancient Chinese civilization made many significant contributions to world civilization. One of the most important contributions was the invention of paper which revolutionized communication and writing. Other inventions include gunpowder, printing press, silk production techniques and compasses.

The philosophy of Confucianism also originated from ancient China which emphasized respect for elders, family values, education and social responsibility.

The Great Wall of China

One of the most iconic structures from ancient China is The Great Wall of China which was built over 2000 years ago. This wall stretches over 13,000 miles across northern China and was built to protect against invasions by other civilizations.


Religion played an important role in ancient Chinese civilization. Taoism was a philosophy that emphasized living in harmony with nature while Buddhism became popular during later periods.

Arts and Culture

Ancient Chinese art is known for its unique style that often includes dragons, floral motifs and calligraphy. Literature also flourished during this time with famous works such as “The Art of War” by Sun Tzu and the poetry of Li Bai.

In conclusion, the ancient Chinese civilization played a significant role in shaping world history. Its contributions to science, technology, philosophy and culture are still evident today. By studying the ancient Chinese civilization, we can gain valuable insights into the past while also appreciating their rich cultural heritage.