What Is Ancient Greece Environment?

Ancient Greece has always been a fascinating topic for historians and enthusiasts alike. It was a place of great thinkers, philosophers, and warriors.

But what about the environment of ancient Greece? What was it like in terms of geography, flora, and fauna? In this article, we will explore the environment of ancient Greece.

The Geography of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was located in the southeastern part of Europe. It consisted of the mainland and hundreds of small islands in the Aegean and Ionian seas.

The mainland is composed of mountain ranges which made transportation difficult. The highest peak in Greece is Mount Olympus which stands at 9,570 feet (2,917 meters) tall.

The Climate

The climate in ancient Greece was typical Mediterranean weather with mild winters and hot summers. The temperature would rise to over 100°F (38°C) during summer months. The rainy season occurred during winter months.

The Flora

The rugged terrain of ancient Greece made it difficult for crops to grow. Only olive trees, grapevines, and some fruits such as figs could thrive in this environment. Olive trees were particularly important as they provided oil for cooking and lighting lamps.

The Fauna

The animals that roamed ancient Greece included bears, wolves, deer, boars, hares as well as various species of birds such as eagles and hawks. Fish were also abundant due to the vast number of islands surrounding mainland Greece.

The Impact on Ancient Greek Culture

The environment had a significant impact on Ancient Greek culture. Due to the rugged terrain with few fertile lands available for agriculture, most Greeks relied on fishing or trade for their livelihoods. This led to them becoming skilled navigators who ventured out into the sea to trade with other civilizations.

Moreover, Ancient Greeks loved nature which is evident from their art and literature. They would often write about the beauty of the mountains, the sea, and the sunsets. Many of their gods and goddesses were associated with nature, such as Artemis who was the goddess of the hunt, or Poseidon who was god of the sea.


In conclusion, ancient Greece was a place of great beauty and wonder. Its rugged terrain and Mediterranean climate made for an environment where only certain flora and fauna could thrive.

However, this did not stop ancient Greeks from creating a thriving culture centered around nature and the sea. It’s no wonder that even today, thousands of years later, we are still captivated by this fascinating civilization.