What Is Ancient Rome Civilization?

Ancient Rome Civilization: A Brief Overview

The Roman civilization is one of the most significant periods in world history. It is a civilization that has left an indelible mark on the world, influencing everything from architecture to law.

The Roman Republic was established in 509 B.C., and it lasted for over 500 years. It was followed by the Roman Empire, which lasted from 27 B. to 476 A.D.

Geography of Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome was located on the Italian Peninsula, and it was surrounded by mountains and the Mediterranean Sea. The city of Rome was situated on the Tiber River, which provided a source of water and transportation.

Government of Ancient Rome

The Roman government was a republic, which meant that citizens elected leaders to represent them. The government had three branches: the legislative branch (the Senate), the executive branch (the consuls), and the judicial branch (the Praetors).

Social Structure of Ancient Rome

The social structure of ancient Rome was divided into classes based on wealth and birth. At the top were patricians, who were wealthy landowners and held most of the political power. Below them were plebeians, who were common people without much political power.

Religion in Ancient Rome

Religion played an important role in ancient Rome. The Romans believed in many gods and goddesses who controlled different aspects of life. They built temples to honor these gods and goddesses, and they held festivals to celebrate them.

Legacy of Ancient Rome

The legacy of ancient Rome can be seen in many aspects of modern society. For example, many modern languages have Latin roots because Latin was the language spoken by the Romans. Additionally, many modern legal systems are based on Roman law.

  • The Roman civilization has had a lasting impact on architecture, engineering, and art.
  • The Romans were skilled engineers who created impressive structures such as aqueducts and roads.
  • Roman art is known for its realism and attention to detail.


In conclusion, the ancient Roman civilization was a significant period in world history that had a lasting impact on society. From its government and social structure to its religion and legacy, there is much to learn and appreciate about this fascinating period. By studying ancient Rome, we can gain insights into our modern world and better understand our shared human history.