What Is Black Panther in American History?

The Black Panther Party, also known as the BPP, was a revolutionary socialist organization that emerged in the United States during the 1960s. The group was founded in Oakland, California, in 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.

Origins of the Black Panther Party

The Black Panther Party was born out of the civil rights movement and the desire for black self-determination. Its founders were inspired by Malcolm X’s call for black pride and self-defense. The party’s original name was the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense.

The Ten-Point Program

The party’s ten-point program outlined its goals and demands. The program included calls for an end to police brutality, better housing, jobs, education, and healthcare for African Americans. The program also called for an end to the Vietnam War and for black people to have control over their own communities.

  • The first point demanded freedom.
  • The second point demanded full employment.
  • The third point demanded an end to police brutality.
  • The fourth point demanded decent housing.
  • The fifth point demanded education for African Americans that teaches them about their true history.
  • The sixth point demanded an end to military service in Vietnam.
  • The seventh point demanded freedom for all political prisoners.
  • The eighth point demanded fair trials for all African Americans in court cases.
  • The ninth point demanded that black people be exempt from paying taxes until they received equal justice under the law.
  • The tenth point demanded land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice and peace.

Activities of the Black Panther Party

One of the most visible activities of the Black Panther Party was its program to provide free breakfasts to school children in impoverished neighborhoods. The party also established free medical clinics, legal aid programs, and drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers.

The party’s most controversial activity was its armed patrols of African American neighborhoods to monitor police activity. The party believed that the police were a tool of oppression used by the white power structure to keep black people in line. The patrols were intended to deter police brutality and protect African American citizens from harm.

Impact on American History

The Black Panther Party had a significant impact on American history. It brought attention to issues facing the black community, such as police brutality and poverty. The party’s efforts helped inspire other civil rights organizations and led to changes in government policy.

However, the party was also Targeted by law enforcement agencies for its radical views and actions. Many members were arrested or killed, including party leaders Huey P. Newton and Fred Hampton.

In conclusion, the Black Panther Party was a revolutionary organization that sought to empower African Americans and bring attention to issues facing the black community. Its legacy continues to influence social justice movements today.