What Is Considered Ancient World History?

When we talk about history, we often refer to events that have occurred in the past. But what exactly is considered ancient world history? The term “ancient” can be subjective, so let’s take a closer look at what this phrase means.

Defining Ancient World History

Ancient world history refers to the period of time before the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. This time period spans from the beginning of human civilization to around 500 CE.

During this time, many significant events occurred that shaped the world we live in today. From the rise and fall of powerful empires to groundbreaking inventions and discoveries, ancient world history is filled with fascinating stories and legends.

Major Ancient Civilizations

Some of the most notable ancient civilizations include:


Egypt is known for its stunning pyramids, pharaohs, hieroglyphics, and mummies. The civilization existed for over 3000 years and was one of the most advanced in terms of art, architecture, religion, and technology.


Greece is famous for its philosophers such as Socrates and Aristotle, as well as its epic tales like The Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer. Greek culture has had a significant impact on Western civilization in areas such as government, literature, art, and philosophy.


The Roman Empire was one of the largest empires in ancient times that spanned across Europe and Asia Minor. It had a significant impact on modern language (Latin), architecture (aqueducts), law (Roman law), engineering (roads), and military tactics.


Chinese civilization goes back more than 5000 years ago. It was one of the most advanced civilizations with groundbreaking inventions such as papermaking, gunpowder, compasses, silk production techniques among others


The Indus Valley civilization in India existed from around 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. It was one of the earliest civilizations and is known for its impressive urban planning and drainage system.

Other Ancient Civilizations

Other notable ancient civilizations include Persia, Mesopotamia, Maya, Aztecs, and Incas.


Ancient world history is a fascinating subject that can help us understand how the world we live in today came to be. From the pyramids of Egypt to the Great Wall of China and beyond, ancient civilizations have left their mark on the world in many ways. By studying these civilizations, we can gain valuable insights into our shared human history.