What Is Covered in High School World History?

World history is an important subject that high school students learn to gain a better understanding of the world we live in today. The curriculum covers a vast range of topics from ancient civilizations to modern-day events. In this article, we will take a closer look at what is covered in high school world history.

Ancient Civilizations

One of the first topics covered in high school world history is ancient civilizations. Students learn about the development of early human societies, including those in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. They study the political systems, social structures, religions, and cultural achievements of these early civilizations.

Medieval Europe

Following ancient civilizations, students move onto studying medieval Europe. This period covers the Middle Ages from the fall of Rome to the Renaissance. Students learn about feudalism, the Crusades, and the Black Death that swept across Europe during this time.

The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration is another important topic covered in high school world history. Students learn about European exploration and colonization of the Americas and Africa during the 15th and 16th centuries. They also study how this exploration led to global trade networks and changes in politics and economics across Europe.

The Enlightenment

Moving into more modern history, students study The Enlightenment – an intellectual movement that began in Europe during the 18th century. They learn about key figures such as John Locke and Voltaire who promoted ideas of reason, individualism, and liberty.

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution is another significant topic covered in high school world history. This period saw a rapid shift from manual labor to machine-based manufacturing leading to significant changes in society’s structure across Europe and America.

World War I & II

Finally, students learn about World War I & II – two of the most significant global conflicts in history. They study the political, social, and economic factors that led to both wars and the impact they had on the world.


In conclusion, high school world history covers a wide range of topics from ancient civilizations to modern-day events. By learning about these historical events, students gain a better understanding of how society has evolved over time and how it has led to the current state of the world. It is essential to learn about these events as they shape our understanding of our past and help us prepare for our future.