What Is Covered in World History?

World history is a vast subject that encompasses the study of all human civilizations, cultures, and societies from the beginning of time to the present day. It covers everything from ancient civilizations to modern-day global events that have shaped our world. In this article, we will explore what is covered in world history.

Ancient Civilizations

The study of ancient civilizations is an essential part of world history. This includes the study of early human societies such as those in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome.

The rise and fall of these great civilizations have had a significant impact on our modern world. We learn about their culture, language, political systems, art, architecture, and religion.

Medieval Europe

After the collapse of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, medieval Europe emerged as a new era with its distinct social structure, economic systems, and political institutions. This period saw significant changes such as the spread of Christianity across Europe and the rise of feudalism.

The Renaissance

The Renaissance was a cultural movement that began in Italy during the 14th century and spread throughout Europe. It was characterized by a revival of classical learning and an emphasis on humanism – the idea that individuals should be at the center of their own lives rather than being dictated by religious or political authorities.

The Age of Exploration

During this period (15th-17th centuries), European explorers sailed across oceans to discover new lands and trade routes. This led to significant changes in global trade patterns as Europeans colonized new territories and established trade networks with Asia and Africa.

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was a period (18th-19th centuries) marked by significant technological advancements in manufacturing processes. This led to profound changes in society as people moved from rural areas to cities to work in factories. It also led to significant improvements in transportation, communication, and medicine.

The World Wars

The 20th century was marked by two devastating World Wars that had a profound impact on the world. The First World War (1914-1918) saw the collapse of empires and the rise of new nations, while the Second World War (1939-1945) saw the emergence of superpowers and the development of atomic weapons.

The Cold War

After World War II, the world was divided into two power blocs – communism and capitalism. This led to a period of tension between these two superpowers known as the Cold War (1947-1991). This period saw significant political, economic, and social changes as countries aligned themselves with either side.

The Modern Era

The modern era is characterized by rapid technological advancements, globalization, and interconnectedness. It includes significant events such as the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, the rise of terrorism and global conflicts like the Gulf War and Afghanistan war.


In conclusion, world history is a vast subject that covers all human civilizations from ancient times to present-day events. Studying world history helps us understand our past, present and future better. By learning about different cultures and societies throughout history we can appreciate our differences as well as find commonalities that help us connect with one another.