What Is Culture in World History?

Culture is an integral part of the world’s history. It encompasses the beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts that have been passed down from generation to generation.

It shapes our identity and influences our perspectives and actions. In this article, we will explore the concept of culture in world history.

The Origin of Culture

Culture is not a static concept. It evolves over time and adapts to changing circumstances.

The earliest form of culture can be traced back to prehistoric times when humans lived in small groups and relied on hunting and gathering for survival. These groups developed their own languages, rituals, and beliefs that were unique to their environment.

As human societies grew more complex, so did their cultures. With the rise of agriculture and civilization, people began to settle in larger communities and developed more sophisticated social structures. This led to the emergence of art, literature, religion, and philosophy – all of which played a significant role in shaping different cultures around the world.

The Diversity of Culture

One of the most striking aspects of culture is its diversity. Each culture has its own unique set of values and customs that are shaped by geography, history, religion, language, and other factors. For example, in some cultures, it is customary for people to greet each other with a bow or handshake while in others it is customary to kiss on both cheeks.

This diversity has been shaped by centuries of interaction between different cultures through trade, conquests, migration etc., which has led many cultures around the world to borrow elements from one another.

Religion & Culture

Religion has played a crucial role in shaping many cultures around the world. Religion provides people with a sense of purpose and meaning that goes beyond their daily lives. It shapes their beliefs about morality, ethics, and human behavior.

In some cases religious practices become an integral part of a culture’s identity. For example, the Islamic call to prayer is an essential part of the Muslim culture and architecture. Similarly, Hinduism has influenced Indian culture in many ways, including art, music, and dance.

Art & Culture

Art is another aspect of culture that has played a significant role in shaping human societies throughout history. From cave paintings to modern-day masterpieces, art reflects our values, beliefs, and aspirations.

Different cultures have developed their own unique styles of art that reflect their traditions and customs. For example, African tribal art is known for its intricate patterns and designs while Chinese art is famous for its calligraphy and brushwork.

The Importance of Preserving Culture

As the world becomes more interconnected through technology and globalization, many cultures are at risk of being lost or diluted. This has led to a growing awareness about the importance of preserving cultural heritage.

Preserving culture not only helps us to understand our past but it also provides us with a sense of identity and belonging. It allows us to celebrate our differences while also recognizing our common humanity.


In conclusion, culture has played a significant role in shaping human history. From the earliest forms of prehistoric culture to modern-day multicultural societies, it continues to evolve and adapt to changing circumstances. By understanding the diversity and richness of different cultures around the world we can learn from one another while also celebrating our unique differences.