What Is Geocentric in World History?

Geocentrism is a philosophical, scientific, and religious concept that has played a crucial role in world history. It is the belief that the Earth is the center of the universe, with all other celestial bodies revolving around it. This idea was prevalent for thousands of years and shaped the way people thought about astronomy, cosmology, and even religion.

The Origins of Geocentrism:
The earliest known reference to geocentrism comes from ancient Greece. In the 4th century BCE, philosopher Aristotle proposed that the Earth was stationary at the center of the universe and that everything else revolved around it.

This idea was later adopted by Ptolemy in his book Almagest in the 2nd century CE. His model had seven celestial bodies revolving around Earth: The Moon, Mercury, Venus, The Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

The Role of Religion:
Geocentrism became an integral part of religious beliefs throughout history. In Christian theology, it was believed that God created humans on Earth as the centerpiece of his creation.

Therefore, it made sense for Earth to be placed at the center of everything else. This belief was further reinforced by passages in religious texts like The Bible which stated that “the world is firmly established; it cannot be moved” (Psalm 93:1).

The Scientific Revolution:
The rise of modern science began to challenge geocentrism in earnest during the Renaissance era. Scientists like Copernicus and Galileo proposed a heliocentric model where the sun was at the center of our solar system with planets including Earth orbiting it. This idea gained acceptance among scientists as they discovered more evidence to support it.

Impact on Modern Astronomy:
Today we know that our planet is just one among many others within our solar system which orbits around our Sun which is just one star among billions within our galaxy. Geocentrism has been thoroughly debunked and replaced with a more accurate understanding of the universe. But, it is significant to understand its role in shaping human history and beliefs.


In conclusion, geocentrism was a significant concept in world history that influenced both religion and science. It was the prevailing view for centuries until modern science disproved it. Though it is no longer accepted, it is important to understand its impact on the development of human ideas and beliefs throughout history.