What Is Hipp in AP World History?

If you’re studying AP World History, you may have come across the term “Hipp” and wondered what it means. In this article, we’ll explore the concept of Hipp and how it can help you succeed in your studies.

What is Hipp?

Hipp is a mnemonic device that stands for Historical context, Intended audience, Purpose, and Point of view. It’s a tool that historians use to analyze primary sources and better understand their significance.

Historical Context

The first element of Hipp is historical context. This refers to the time period, location, and cultural background in which a primary source was produced.

Understanding the historical context is essential to interpreting a source correctly. For example, if you were analyzing a document from ancient China, you would need to know about Confucianism and other cultural factors that influenced Chinese society at the time.

Intended Audience

The second element of Hipp is intended audience. This refers to the group of people that a primary source was created for or directed towards.

Knowing the intended audience can provide insight into the author’s purpose and point of view. For example, if you were analyzing a political speech given during an election campaign, you would need to consider who the speaker was trying to appeal to in order to understand their message.


The third element of Hipp is purpose. This refers to why a primary source was created or what its intended goal was.

Understanding the purpose can help reveal underlying biases or motivations behind a source’s content. For example, if you were analyzing a propaganda poster from World War II, understanding its purpose would help you recognize its intended effect on viewers.

Point of View

The fourth and final element of Hipp is point of view. This refers to the perspective or opinion expressed by an author in their primary source.

Understanding the point of view is crucial to interpreting a source’s meaning. For example, if you were analyzing a newspaper article about a controversial issue, you would need to consider the author’s point of view in order to evaluate the article’s credibility.

Why is Hipp important?

Hipp is important because it provides a framework for analyzing primary sources and understanding their significance. By considering each element of Hipp, historians can gain deeper insights into the past and better understand how historical events shaped the world we live in today.

How can I use Hipp in AP World History?

In AP World History, you will encounter many primary sources that require analysis. Understanding how to use Hipp can help you approach these sources with confidence and develop stronger arguments in your essays.

When analyzing a primary source in AP World History, start by identifying its historical context. Where and when was it produced? What cultural factors influenced its creation?

Next, consider the intended audience. Who was this source created for or directed towards? What might their reactions have been to its content?

Then, examine the purpose of the source. Why was it created? What message was the author trying to convey?

Finally, analyze the point of view expressed in the source. What perspective or biases does the author bring to their writing?

By using Hipp to analyze primary sources in AP World History, you can develop a deeper understanding of historical events and make stronger arguments in your essays.


Hipp is an essential tool for historians and students of history alike. By using this mnemonic device to analyze primary sources, we can gain deeper insights into historical events and better understand how they shaped our world today. So next time you encounter a primary source in your studies, remember to think about Historical context, Intended audience, Purpose, and Point of view!